Understanding Melasma And Hyperpigmentation
Before we discuss whether or not melasma and hyperpigmentation can be prevented, or at least treated, let’s look at some of the differences between them.
First and foremost, melasma is more common in women and a form of hyperpigmentation. In areas like above the lip, the chin, and forehead – locations on the face – it is typically most prevalent. An estimated 5 million people are affected by melasma in America. Due to the fact that it often shows up during pregnancy, it has been referred to as the “mask of pregnancy”. Hormonal changes are the cause in this case. Appearing in the form of discoloration, melasma is like general face hyperpigmentation but, by exposure to the sun, is exacerbated.
Hyperpigmentation, on the other hand, is a skin condition utilizing a very broad term. Due to an array of factors, the skin is darkened or discolored. Factors can include acne scarring and sun damage. From an eczema flareup, another factor can include inflammation that is still lingering. Any darkening of the skin can be referred to by hyperpigmentation. It can range from discoloration caused by psoriasis or eczema and sunspots down to freckles, or stubborn breakout scarring (post blemish).
So, when it comes to melasma and hyperpigmentation, how do you know what to do about your condition?
There is nothing dangerous about melasma. As a cosmetic concern, however, it can cause distress. Unfortunately, the condition is further aggravated by stress.
For the record, other parts of the body can be affected by melasma, though – as suggested earlier – it tends to show up on the face. Even with treatment, it can be difficult to rid yourself of melasma. With brightening agents, over-the-counter products may offer some relief for hyperpigmentation. This is not always the case, however, with melasma.
The following have been suggested by experts:
- Laser treatments
- Brightening ingredients
- And/or a combination of all of the above
(Please keep in mind that one thing may not work for everyone – everybody’s different.)
Here, a surplus of pigment-making cells in the skin are stimulated by skin rashes, sunlight, acne, and more. So, into lower levels of skin, they dump their pigments. Usually, where it doesn’t belong. It’s tough to treat the deeper pigments.
There are a number of options available for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Some work better than others and not one thing will usually work for everyone. They are as follows:
- Micro dermabrasion
- IPL therapy
- Laser peel
- Chemical peel
- Face acids
- Lightening creams
Find a Provider Who can Treat Melasma and Hyperpigmentation
Always keep in mind that protecting your skin from the sun is absolutely a number one concern. Once your skin has been blemished by the sun, the damage is done. Additionally, though acne can’t always be prevented, keeping your face as clean as possible with the proper cleanser is essential. Those are the best ways to go about preventing skin discoloration, blemishes, etc. To achieve the best possible results while treating melasma or hyperpigmentation, it is recommended that you choose a trusted provider.