Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin.

Types of Hyperpigmentation


Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin that persists after an inflammatory skin condition. Purple, brown, or tan-sometimes with a blue or grey tint-flat spots or patches appear on the skin surface.

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Melasma is one form of hyperpigmentation, and it may sometimes share an appearance similar to other forms of the condition. For example, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a form of hyperpigmentation that results from inflammation or trauma to the skin.

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Periorbital Hyperpigmentation

Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) or perioral hyperpigmentation is identified based on visual assessment by a physician. Sometimes as a person ages, the eye area can appear more “sunken in” as fatty deposits shift and the skin texture changes.

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Lips Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation of the skin is when a portion of the skin is darker than the other surrounding areas. This occurs due to melanin. Melanin is the pigment that is produced by cells called melanocytes.

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Intimate Hyperpigmentation

Some types of hyperpigmentation, for example melasma, will present a specific appearance. On the other hand, other types of hyperpigmentation may be non-specific. One example is the hyperpigmentation of the intimate area.

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Lentigo Hyperpigmentation

Lentigo (plural lentigines) is the formal medical term for what many people informally call “liver spots” because of their dark brown color. Lentigines are a form of hyperpigmentation and, although they are not considered dangerous.

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